IN THE LAST FIVE YEARS THE SAATCHI GALLERY PRESENTED 15 OF THE 20 MOST VISITED MUSEUM EXHIBITIONS IN LONDON
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Richard Wilson
20:50

1987

Used sump oil, steel

Dimensions variable
Richard Wilson’s 20:50 is truly a contemporary masterpiece. The work is the only permanent installation at the Saatchi Gallery and has been continuously shown in each of the gallery’s venues since 1991. Currently on display in Gallery 13 – a room custom built for the piece – 20:50 transforms the gallery into a site of epic illusion.

Viewed from the entrance platform 20:50 appears as a holographic field: simultaneously a polished floor, infinite clear pool, an expansive and indefinable virtual space that clinically absorbs and mirrors the gallery architecture. The room is in fact entirely flooded in oil.

Visitors are invited to examine the piece close-up via a walkway that extends into the lake, placing the viewer, waist deep, at the centre of a perfect mathematically symmetrical scope. Through this altered perspective 20:50’s phantasmical aura is enhanced, amplifying the disorientating and mesmerising experience of the space, and further confounding physical logic.

20:50 takes its name from the type of recycled engine oil used. It is thick, pitch black, and absolutely indelible: please take extreme care with your clothing and belongings, and no matter how tempting, please do not touch. 20:50 often has to be demonstrated to be believed: the liquid can be seen by blowing very gently on the surface.

ARTICLES

The birth of a notion

The idea of a Tardis-like space, where the internal volume is greater than its physical boundaries, had always appealed to me. That was how the idea for 20:50 came about. I've always been concerned with the ways you can change architectural space - whether it be a room or a whole building - to alter your perception, to knock your view of the world off-kilter.

The central idea finally came to me after weeks beside a swimming pool, during a holiday in the Algarve. I was due to make a new piece for Matt's Gallery in the east end of London when I returned, and over the weeks I became increasingly fascinated with the horizontal surface of the pool. One day it hit me, and I thought: "I know - I'll flood the place."
The oil became part of the piece because I knew it had a highly reflective surface. There had been a drum of the stuff sitting in my old studio, without a lid, that I'd been meaning to get rid of.

In the meantime, all sorts of rubbish had accumulated around it, and I always loved the way that among all these bits of junk there was this void, this perfect reflection. That was the final piece of the jigsaw.
In 20:50, the gallery is filled to waist height with recycled engine oil, from which the piece takes its name. A walkway leads from a single entrance, leading the viewer into the space until they are surrounded by oil on all sides.

Read the entire article here
Source: arts.guardian.co.uk


Richard Wilson - Interview

Where were you born and when?

I was born in London in 1953, 24th May

Which Part of London?

Islington

Which art school did you attend?

I went to the London College of Printing for a Foundation Course to study Graphic Design and of course the idea was to go on and become a graphic designer, but half way through the Foundation Course I became frustrated that I wasn't using my fingers. I realised that I was actually a maker so I applied and got into what was Hornsea College of Art in 1971 and was there until 1974 with artists like Daryl Viner. I was awarded a First Degree Honors in Sculpture, DipAD, which supposedly later you could pay 10 to have it transferred over to a BA, I never did that. But I did go on to Reading University, I applied to do a Post Graduate Course and did what was called an MFA, a Master of Fine Art at Reading from 74 to 76.

When did you first move to where you are now in london?

I first moved back from Reading ( although at the very last term at the University I was already travelling back to London and came across the Butlers Wharf comnplex which was this enormous, sort of organically built complex of artists. I remember going to Space organisation and them saying when I queried Butlers Wharf not to touch it it was very dodgy, meaning there is no actual organised structure to it. People arrive in London and sort of go and find an old warehouse and that was the easiest one to get into) to Butlers Wharf in 1976 into Block W11. I was there until 1981.

Why did you move there?

Having completed the MFA at Reading University I knew I wanted to make a career as a sculptor and at that time my idea was to establish a studio. There was very little thought about living there as well but it became obvious that a living and working space was available at Butlers Wharf, and this seemed to answer the requirements for me as an artist. I was moving back to London, I needed somewhere to live, I needed somewhere to work, so that space that I got hold of gave me that and it just made the process of being a sculptor at that time much, much easier, being in that kind of complex.

Read the entire article here
Source: vads.ahds.ac.uk