Permanent Collection - Gernika Peace Museum

A permanent exhibition on two floors of the Museum sets out two themes: History and Peace, via three axes or questions.

1. WHAT IS PEACE?
A wide selection of ideas, concepts, thoughts and points of view in relation to peace -particularly contemporary ideas - in which peace, to solve conflicts, flourishes in terms of relationships between human beings. The history of peace must not be the history of the end of conflict. This first axis or question is discussed in the following rooms:
The paths towards peace -
- The path
- Agreed peace
- Peace of mind
- Blue planet, planet peace
- Peace on a daily basis
- Organising ourselves for one wish: peace
- Action taken in the name of peace: a personal attitude
Peace in the 21st century -
- Peace of life
- Negative peace
- The tools used bring peace

2. WHAT HAPPENED IN GERNIKA IN THE ABSENCE OF PEACE?
A reading of the history of Gernika-Lumo and the Spanish Civil War, the bombing of Gernika, and the fine lesson in peace taught to us by the survivors of this tragic event through their reconciliation with their attackers, in addition to other instances of reconciliation and mediation for peace all over the world. This second axis or question is discussed in the following rooms:
26 April 1937: They were all like Begoña. A scenography recreating the dining room of a house in Gernika on 26th April 1937.
The town talks to us -
- Gernika-Lumo, a previous history
- The first settlers
- Foundation of Gernika
- Statutes and unrest
- The industrial boom
- Modern times
- Spain prior to the Civil War
- Gernika in the 30's
- The Second Republic
- Autonomy in Euskadi
- The outset of the conflict: the Spanish Civil War
- The bombing of Gernika
- Attacked from the air. Technical aspects of the bombing
- The destruction of the town
- The occupation of Gernika
- The experience of the bombing
- Information after the bombing
- Gernika in the post-war period: Franco's regime and repression
- Towards reconciliation
In memoriam (Audiovisual, Short Film Prize, AVICOM)

3. WHAT ABOUT PEACE IN THE WORLD TODAY?
We take a look at the world through Picasso's "Guernica" using human rights and the Basque Conflict as prisms to study the current state of peace in the world today. This second axis or question is discussed in the following rooms:
Three expressions
- The expression of life
- The expression of freedom
- The expression of equality
- A seed of peace
The forest
- The Basque Conflict
- Visible and non visible effects of violence in the conflict
- Efforts to live in peace



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