THE THRONE ROOM
The decoration of the Throne Room has been preserved intact from the reign of King Charles III. The ceiling fresco, completed in 1766, was painted by Tiepolo; it represents the Allegory of the Spanish Monarchy, with personifications of the different Spanish possessions around the world. The carved gilt furniture and the embroidery of the velvet wall-hangings were manufactured in Naples, where Charles III had reigned previously. The mirrors, enormous for the period, are from the Royal Factory of La Granja, and the rock-crystal chandeliers were purchased in Venice in 1780. In 1650, VelĂˇzquez brought from Rome the bronze lions flanking the throne dais; originally, they were placed in the Throne Room of the Old AlcĂˇzar, which was on virtually the same site.
The Palace gardens are known as the Campo del Moro ("The Moor's Field"), but they originated during the reign of King Philip II. Their present appearance dates from 1890.
The square situated to the east of the Palace, and known for this reason as the Plaza de Oriente, has recently been remodelled. It contains several of the statues of the kings of Spain carved during the reign of King Ferdinand VI.
THE ROYAL ARMOURY
The Royal Armoury is considered to contain one of the most important collections of its type in the world. It displays arms and armour that belonged to kings of Spain and other members of the Royal Family, from the 13th century onwards. Apart from the mediaeval pieces, the items belonging to the Emperor Charles V and to his son King Philip II are of particular interest and value.
After a long period of restoration, the Armoury reopened to the public in June 2000.