Profile - Gernika Peace Museum

The Gernika Peace Museum – formerly known as the Gernika Museum - was founded on 7th April 1998 by the Gernika-Lumo Town Hall in a building designed by Manuel Smith after the reconstruction of the city. The Museum is located in Los Fueros Square. This building was previously been used by the Courts, the post office and Telegraph service.

The Museum may be considered as a museum of history in the sense that it is a guide to the history of Gernika-Lumo and, more particularly, to the Civil War and the bombing of the town during that period.

From 1999 to 2002, with the assistance of the Ministry of Culture (Fine Arts and Cultural Property Section), the museum carried out adaptation work on the building. A museographic project was drawn up and carried out, and the decision was taken to turn the museum into a Peace Museum (the first peace museum in the Basque Country and the entire Spanish State). And so the museum opened again on 8th January 2003 with a revamped profile and a wider range of possibilities. It is now an institution in tune with the needs of our world today. The museum has grown into an attractive, dynamic space, a place where visitors may feel and live out a scenario in which history is taken by emotions and empathy to clear the path towards reconciliation, a place where we may think that we can all work together to shape our own peace.

The Gernika Peace Museum has been a Foundation since July 2002, with founder trustees the Basque Government, the “Diputación” or Provincial Council of Bizkaia and Gernika-Lumo Town Hall. The Museum is a member of the International Peace Museum Network, IC Memo (Section of Memorial Museums and Museums in Remembrance of the Victims of Public Crimes), ICOM (International Council of Museums) and AIPAZ (the Spanish Peace Research Association).

The mission of the Gernika Peace Museum Foundation is to preserve, display, publicise, conduct research and educate visitors in the basic ideas of the culture of peace, and the past and present relation of this culture to the history of Gernika-Lumo, so that, together with other history and peace organisations, Gernika-Lumo, the province of Bizkaia and the Basque Country be used as local, regional, national and international references in the search for peace and culture.

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