Glinka State Central Museum Of Musical Culture
In March 1912, in the former office of Nikolai Rubinstein, the founder of the Moscow Conservatoire, a museum was opened.
In 1943, the Soviet government decided to set up a State Central Museum of Musical Culture on the basis of the Conservatoire's museum. In 1954, when the country's musical circles marked the 150th anniversary of Mikhail Glinka's birth, it was named after the great Russian composer. In the summer of 1985 its display was inaugurated in a new building constructed specially for the museum. In the summer of 1985 its display was inaugurated in a new building constructed specially for the museum.
Preserved and studied in its depository departments are exceptionally valuable rarities such as written and printed music, musical instruments of various periods and peoples, memorial articles, and works of painting, sculpture and decorative and applied art.
No other country of the world has a musical museum of a similar scope, and it is not accidental that the Glinka Museum of Musical Culture is the central one among dozens of Russian musical museums.
A major attraction of the museum is its Concert Hall. Here Russian and foreign musicians perform and subscription subject-oriented cycles of concerts and lectures, musicales featuring archival sound recordings, meetings with creative personalities and gatherings of musical circles take place. The programmes of concerts held in the hall range from lute and clavier music of the Middle Ages to works by modern composers.
In 1979, a unique organ was built by the firm Schuke-Potsdam (Germany) specially for the concert hall.
The museum encompases a "Musical Instuments of the World" exposition, an Archive, a Scientific Library, Fine Arts Collection, a Sound Library and a Concert Hall.
The exhibition, laid out in five exhibition rooms, features musical instruments, as well as folk and professional instrument from more then 50 foreign countries.
The gems of the display are genie Novgorodian gusli of the 13th-14th centuries, a collection of silver wind and percussion instruments awarded to military bands as tokens of honour in commemoration of victories of the Russian army in the early 19th century, and a balalaika made by the master Semyon Nalimov, witch was owned by Vasily Andreyev, the founder of the first orchestra of Russian folk instruments.
The exhibits representing the general European professional tradition include a violin made by the great Antonio Stradivari (17th century), which was donated to the museum by David Oistrakh's family; 16th century Italian spinets; unique lutes, mandolins and guitars, including a guitar owned by Fyodor Chaliapin; a rare specimen of a crystal flute; aeolian harps; and music boxes.
The display has been wired for sound, and the "voices" of many of the instruments have been recorded and can be played back through special equipment directly in the exhibition rooms.
The Archive has an extensive collection of material which is of great interest to musicologists, textual critics and practical musicians. Preserved and investigated here are musical autographs by Mikhail Glinka , Pyotr Tchaikovsky, Sergei Rachmaninov, Sergei Prokofiev and Dmitri Shostakovich, letters and other documents related to Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven and ...+ [ Read all ]
Daily 11.00 - 19.00 except Mondays
tube stations: Mayakovskaya, Mendeleevskaya, Novoslabodskaya
Museum internal and external photos (1)
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The library has quite a few items that are true museum pieces, yet a major part of its fund is constantly in use. The museumâ€™s affords rare opportunities of getting scientific information in the field of musicology and the history of music, attracting numerous Soviet and foreign scholars.
Those wishing to listen to all the records that the museum's sound library contains would have to spend several years in front of a record player!
Gregorians chants, Renaissance music, Musical folklore from all the regions of the world? Recordings of compositors by Alexander Scriabin, Camille Sant-Saens and Richard Strauss, Sergei Rachmaninov, Nicolas Medtner, the voices of Antonina Nezhdanova, Leonid Sobinov, the performance of David Ois-trakn, Miron Polyakin, Konstantin Igumnov, Vladimir Sofronitsky and many thousands of other products of domestic and foreign record companies gathered over the entire period of their existence - such is the sound library of the Glinka Museum of Musical Culture.